The Evolutionary Story Behind Your Toilet

Not many of us give a thought about the toilets that we have to use several times everyday, yet the enticing tale of toileting through the ages is an interesting one. From the prehistoric days to the present modern times, toilets tell us how man and his ideas have helped to evolve an entirely new way of managing our own wastes.
One version of the story starts nearly 4,000 years back in north-west India when people used water from pots to get rid of the waste into pipes beneath the surface. They used leaves instead of tissue papers to wipe their bottoms clean.
In the Roman era, plumbing was fairly advanced and this led to the eventual creation of proper drainage systems. For at least some classes of Romans, Plumber Summary using the toilet was more like a social occasion and that is why they had plenty of public toilets where waste was washed away with running water.
After the fall of the Roman Empire things definitely took a turn for the worse. Sophisticated plumbing of the type found in Roman public bathes and toilets was not to be seen again for almost 1500 years in Europe or North America. During the medieval period, people in many towns and cities would have to fling the waste from potties into the open sewer channels that ran outside their houses.
It was in 1596 that the first water closet with a proper flush was invented by Sir John Harrington. Though this was followed by various Plumbing Courses College inventions, it was Sir John’s impressive invention that made a serious mark 200 years after he first developed the idea.
The first practical flush toilet was patented by Joseph Bramah or Yorkshire England in 1778. This device helped to properly implement the carrying out of waste from each house to the sea.
Contrary to popular belief Thomas Crapper did not invent the flush toilet. He came on the scene almost a century after Bramah’s patent was issued. The term “crap” was not developed from his name either. He was, however, involved in promoting cleaner sanitation methods and developed showrooms for the sale of bathroom fixtures – something that had not even been thought of until that time.
In North America the classic “outhouse” served for centuries in rural areas and smaller towns before there was proper plumbing. Although not particularly sophisticated, these were environmentally friendly as long as they were placed far enough away from living quarters, and were cleaned out on a regular basis. Rather than the waste being dumped into rivers and streams or flushed away with water, these units returned it directly into the ground. The portable outhouse or “port-a-potty” is the modern successor to the old fashioned outhouse. You can find them at just about every outdoor entertainment event or construction site.
Today, toilets have evolved into the most luxurious kinds with people even spending huge amounts of money on designer toilets. Most of the new ones are fitted with automatic flushes. Some even have an extra little seat put in for the children. It is most probable that toilets of the future will use a vacuum system like the ones you see on an airplane or huge ships.
Today there are so many types of toilets available that it boggles the mind. There are flush toilets, squat toilets, and urinals. Then there are different types of urinals such as the gutter type, the female type, floor-length, and wall-hung. Have you heard of pit toilets, dry composting toilets, urine diverting and incinerating toilets? How about tree bog toilets, chemical toilets, and toilets with a built-in bidet?
The high-tech toilets of today are a real delight to the user and the vacuum toilets could very well soon add to the present new varieties too. People are still trying to incorporate more advanced technologies into the toilet system like those done in Japan. The entire legacy right from stone toilets to the present day custom-made ones, is a great achievement in itself. It is certain that no matter how many changes are made, or how fancy they get, everyone in the world is still going to need a toilet.

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